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Heraklion

Area
Type of resort Rušné
In ancient times, Heraklion was the port of the royal town of Knossos. The city got its name after the mystical hero of Heracles; during the Roman era, it bore the Arabic name of Chandak. The Arabs transformed the city into a fortress where the largest slave market in the Mediterranean took place at its time. In 1204, the Venetians renamed the city to Candia, surrounding it by massive, 5 km long ramparts and constructing the largest port in the east Mediterranean. For 21 years, the city was besieged by the Turks - it passed to the Turks only in 1669. The city got its contemporary name of Heraklion towards the end of Turkish occupation in 1898. During the 16 and 17 century, Heraklion was the seat of a significant painting school (El Greco).
The nomos of Heraklion is located between the mountain ranges of Ida in the west and Dikti in the east, with the resorts nearby being the most visited ones. The interior of the Heraklion region is formed by a hilly area with the characteristic fields covered with olive groves and vineyards, while in the south there stretches a vast and fertile plateau of Messara with the river Gerapotamos. It was on the area of this very region where the highest number of Minoan historical sites was discovered, including Knossos, Malie, Faistos, Agia Triada and Gortis. The north and the east coast of the region has been connected by roads since the Minoan era, passing through a beautiful landscape. In the south of Heraklion, you will find beautiful, mostly sandy beaches.
The capital city of Crete, Heraklion, lies approximately in the middle of the north coast. About 80 km away, you will find Rethymno, Hania can be found about 130 km far, when driving to the east, after 70 km you will arrive at Agios Nikolaos, after 130 km to Sitia, and in the south, there is the town of Ierapetra located 110 km far away.
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Heraklion

As the peripheral parts of Heraklion do not really abound in beauty, you can admire the historical monuments on your visit of the old part of the city, hidden behind the concrete wall of buildings in the eastern part, and the industrial suburbs in the west.

Heraklion historical sites

The town landmark is a Venetian fortress built between 1523 and 1549 that protected the entrance into the port and served as a point of defence during the Turkish siege. Today there are concerts and theatre performances being held in its courtyard. The old Venetian port in Heraklion serves as an anchorage of fishing boats and yachts, with armouries nearby that served for boat repair.

Among the most significant churches in Heraklion, we can find the Byzantine church of Saint Titus that was named after the first Cretan bishop. During the Turkish occupation, it was converted into a mosque which was then destroyed by an earthquake in 1858. The current edifice is from 1925. Other remarkable buildings in Heraklion include a former Venetian loggia from 1627, located on the Platia Venizelou square - today the main point of Heraklion social life.

The biggest tourist draw in Heraklion is the Archaeological Museum - Kretikon Museion, with its exhibits competing with the National Archaeological Museum of Athens in terms of their significance and scope. Its collections are the vastest overview of the Minoan culture in the world. The findings are arranged chronologically in 16 halls and their thorough visit will take you at least one day. Near the archaeological museum, there is a bus stop, so, you can get there easily also using public transport and visit Knossos at the same time, for example. In Heraklion, you will also find the Museum of Religious Art with its paintings and unique icons placed in a church on the Saint Catherine Square, the Historical Museum with Cretan folk art and collections from the battles for Crete from different eras. The historical museum includes the study Nikos Kazantzakis (a diplomat, poet and the author of the novel Zorba the Greek), with his tomb located in the southern part of the fortress ramparts.

Transport in Heraklion

Transport in Heraklin is quite chaotic, and so, to visit the city, the best option is to park your car near the bus terminal close tot he port.

Where else to go on Crete?

Some of the most visited resorts on Crete are: Adelianos Kampos, Agia Fotia, Agia Galini, Agia Marina, Agia Pelagia, Agios Nikolaos, Achlia, Amoudara (West of Heraklion), Analipsi, Anissaras, Bali, Damnoni, Erimoupoli, Ferma, Fodele, Galini, Georgioupolis, Gouves (Kato Gouves), Heraklion, Hersonissos, Chania, Ierapetra, Kavros, Elounda, Kalamaki, Kissamos, Kokkini Hani, Kolymbari, Lygaria, Makrigialos, Maleme, Malia, Matala, Mirtos, Missiria, Paleochora, Panormos, Perivolia, Pigianos Kambos, Plakias, Platanias (Chania), Rapaniana, Rethymno, Sissi, Skaleta, Stalida - Stalis, Stalos, Stavromenos and Stavros,

Parametry

Typ letoviska Rušné
Aktivity v letovisku unlisted

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Unknown user, 20. 7. 2018

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